Plant Industries

Serving the citizens of Arkansas and the agricultural and business communities by providing information and unbiased enforcement of laws and regulations set by the Arkansas State Plant Board

Arkansas Aquaculture

Arkansas is the birthplace of warm water aquaculture in the United States. The first commercial fish farms were built in Arkansas in the 1940s to raise goldfish. The Arkansas industry has diversified into producing more than twenty species of fish and crustaceans. These species supply food-fish markets, recreational fishing markets and waters, retail pet markets, gardening supply markets, and aquatic weed and snail control markets.

Arkansas ranks second in aquaculture-producing states. It leads in the production of bait fish (live fish bought by anglers as bait for recreational and sport fishing), large-mouth bass for stocker fish, hybrid striped bass fry, and Chinese carp. It is third nationally in catfish production.

Arkansas has hundreds of thousands of farm ponds used for various purposes, such as watering livestock, fire control, attracting wildlife, and recreational fishing. The most common management system is to stock a combination of catfish, bass, and bluegill. Bass and bluegill will spawn in the pond and, if managed properly, can develop self-sustaining populations. Channel catfish will spawn if spawning receptacles are provided. Fish populations must be monitored and managed to produce the kind of fishing desired.

Aquaculture has significantly impacted Arkansas, especially in the Delta, where most aquaculture production in Arkansas occurs. High rates of poverty and unemployment characterize this region. Fish farms are frequently some of the largest businesses in an area and provide employment and demand for other services from electricians, plumbers, equipment and truck dealerships, supply companies, and other service providers.

Find Regulations for Arkansas Aquaculture here.

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